Tag Archive Data Dictionary

สร้าง Data Dictionary แค่คลิก

สร้าง Data Dictionary ใน sql server แบบง่ายๆ เพียงแค่คลิกเท่านั้น บทความนี้เป็นเวอร์ชั้นปรับปรุงของ สร้าง Data Dictionary แบบด่วนๆ ให้ทำได้ง่ายขั้น

  1. เปิด sql server management studio เลือก database ที่ต้องการ คลิกขวา New Query
  2. copy
    SET ANSI_PADDING  OFF;
    GO
    
    SET NOCOUNT ON;
    GO
    
    SET TEXTSIZE 8192;
    GO
    
    PRINT '<!doctype html>';
    PRINT '<html lang="th">';
    PRINT '<head>';
    PRINT '<meta charset="utf-8" />';
    PRINT '<title>script generates a full data dictionary for all tables in a SQL Server by Pitt Phunsanit</title>';
    PRINT '<style>table {background: #7ba0cd;border-collapse: collapse;border-left: solid 1px #7ba0cd;border-right: solid 1px #7ba0cd;font-family: "Calibri", "sans-serif";font-size: 11pt;width: 100%;}table tr {background: #FFFFFF;border-bottom: solid 1px #7ba0cd;}table thead tr {background-color: #4e80bc;color: white;}table tbody tr:nth-of-type(odd) {background: #d2deed;border-bottom: solid 1px #FFFFFF;box-shadow: 0 2px 0 -1px #7ba0cd;}table tbody tr.case,table tfoot tr {background: #d7d7d7;}</style>';
    PRINT '</head>';
    PRINT '<body>';
    PRINT '<h1>' + DB_NAME() + '</h1>';
    PRINT '<h3>create date : ' + convert(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 111) + '</h3>';
    
    DECLARE @record CURSOR;
    DECLARE @table VARCHAR(128);
    DECLARE @object_id INT;
    DECLARE @schema_id INT;
    
    SET @record = CURSOR
    FOR
    SELECT [name] AS [table], [object_id], [schema_id]
    FROM sys.tables AS t
    WHERE type_desc = 'USER_TABLE'
    
    OPEN @record
    
    FETCH NEXT
    FROM @record
    INTO @table, @object_id, @schema_id
    
    WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
    BEGIN
        SELECT CAST('<br><table><caption><b>' + @table + '</b>' + ISNULL(' : '+RTRIM(CAST(ep.[value] AS NVARCHAR(4000))), '') + '</caption>' AS NTEXT)
            ,CAST('<thead><tr>' + '<td style="width:100px;"><b>Primary Key</b></td>' + '<td style="width:200px;"><b>Foreign key</b></td>' + '<td style="width:400px;"><b>Column Name</b></td>' + '<td><b>Description</b></td>' AS NTEXT)
            ,CAST('<td style="width:100px;"><b>Data Type</b></td>' + '<td style="width:100px;"><b>Allow Nulls</b></td>' + '<td style="width:100px;"><b>Identity</b></td>' + '<td style="width:100px;"><b>Default Value</b></td>' + '</tr></thead><tbody>' AS NTEXT)
        FROM sys.schemas AS s
        -- get description of table, if available
        LEFT OUTER JOIN sys.extended_properties AS ep ON ep.major_id = @object_id
            AND ep.minor_id = 0
            AND ep.NAME = 'MS_Description'
            AND ep.class = 1
        WHERE s.[schema_id] = @schema_id
        AND NOT EXISTS (
                SELECT *
                FROM sys.extended_properties ms
                WHERE ms.major_id = @object_id
                    AND ms.minor_id = 0
                    AND ms.class = 1
                    AND ms.[name] = 'microsoft_database_tools_support'
                )
    
        UNION ALL
    
      SELECT '' AS html
            ,'<tr><td>' + CASE
                WHEN pk.column_id IS NOT NULL
                    THEN 'PK'
                ELSE ''
                END + '</td><td>' + CASE
                WHEN fk.primary_table IS NOT NULL
                    THEN fk.primary_table + '.' + fk.primary_column
                ELSE ''
                END + '</td><td>' + c.[name] + '</td><td>' + ISNULL(RTRIM(CAST(ep.[value] AS NVARCHAR(4000))), '') + '</td><td>' + CASE
                WHEN uty.[name] IS NOT NULL
                    THEN uty.[name]
                ELSE ''
                END + CASE
                WHEN uty.[name] IS NOT NULL
                    AND sty.[name] IS NOT NULL
                    THEN ' (
                '
                ELSE ''
                END + CASE
                WHEN sty.[name] IS NOT NULL
                    THEN sty.[name]
                ELSE ''
                END + CASE
                WHEN sty.[name] IN (
                        'CHAR'
                        ,'NCHAR'
                        ,'VARCHAR'
                        ,'NVARCHAR'
                        ,'BINARY'
                        ,'VARBINARY'
                        )
                    THEN ' (
                    ' + CASE
                            WHEN c.max_length = - 1
                                THEN 'max'
                            ELSE CASE
                                    WHEN sty.[name] IN (
                                            'NCHAR'
                                            ,'NVARCHAR'
                                            )
                                        THEN CAST(c.max_length / 2 AS VARCHAR(MAX))
                                    ELSE CAST(c.max_length AS VARCHAR(MAX))
                                    END
                            END + '
                    ) '
                WHEN sty.[name] IN (
                        'NUMERIC'
                        ,'DECIMAL'
                        )
                    THEN ' (
                    ' + CAST(c.precision AS VARCHAR(MAX)) + '
                    ,' + CAST(c.scale AS VARCHAR(MAX)) + '
                    ) '
                ELSE ''
                END + CASE
                WHEN uty.[name] IS NOT NULL
                    AND sty.[name] IS NOT NULL
                    THEN '
                ) '
                ELSE ''
                END + '</td><td>' + CASE
                WHEN c.is_nullable = 1
                    THEN 'Y'
                ELSE ''
                END + '</td><td>' AS html1
            ,CASE
                WHEN c.is_identity = 1
                    THEN 'Y'
                ELSE ''
                END + '</td><td>' + ISNULL(dc.[definition], '') + '</td></tr>' AS html2
        FROM sys.columns AS c
        INNER JOIN sys.schemas s ON s.[schema_id] = @schema_id
        -- get name of user data type
        LEFT OUTER JOIN sys.types uty ON uty.system_type_id = c.system_type_id
            AND uty.user_type_id = c.user_type_id
            AND c.user_type_id <> c.system_type_id
        -- get name of system data type
        LEFT OUTER JOIN sys.types sty ON sty.system_type_id = c.system_type_id
            AND sty.user_type_id = c.system_type_id
        -- get description of column, if available
        LEFT OUTER JOIN sys.extended_properties ep ON ep.major_id = @object_id
            AND ep.minor_id = c.column_id
            AND ep.[name] = 'MS_Description'
            AND ep.[class] = 1
        -- get default' s code TEXT
        LEFT OUTER JOIN sys.default_constraints dc ON dc.parent_object_id = @object_id
            AND dc.parent_column_id = c.column_id
        -- check for inclusion in primary key
        LEFT OUTER JOIN (
            SELECT ic.column_id
                ,i.[object_id]
            FROM sys.indexes i
            INNER JOIN sys.index_columns ic ON ic.index_id = i.index_id
                AND ic.[object_id] = i.[object_id]
            WHERE i.is_primary_key = 1
            ) pk ON pk.column_id = c.column_id
            AND pk.[object_id] = @object_id
        -- check for inclusion in foreign key
        LEFT OUTER JOIN (
            SELECT CASE
                    WHEN s.[name] = 'dbo'
                        THEN pk.[name]
                    ELSE s.[name] + '.' + pk.[name]
                    END AS primary_table
                ,pkc.[name] AS primary_column
                ,fkc.parent_object_id
                ,fkc.parent_column_id
            FROM sys.foreign_keys fk
            INNER JOIN sys.tables pk ON fk.referenced_object_id = pk.[object_id]
            INNER JOIN sys.schemas s ON s.[schema_id] = pk.[schema_id]
            INNER JOIN sys.foreign_key_columns fkc ON fkc.constraint_object_id = fk.[object_id]
                AND fkc.referenced_object_id = pk.[object_id]
            INNER JOIN sys.columns pkc ON pkc.[object_id] = pk.[object_id]
                AND pkc.column_id = fkc.referenced_column_id
            ) fk ON fk.parent_object_id = @object_id
            AND fk.parent_column_id = c.column_id
        WHERE c.object_id = @object_id
        AND NOT EXISTS (
                SELECT *
                FROM sys.extended_properties ms
                WHERE ms.major_id = @object_id
                    AND ms.minor_id = 0
                    AND ms.class = 1
                    AND ms.[name] = 'microsoft_database_tools_support'
                )
    
        UNION ALL
    
        SELECT '' AS html
            ,'' AS html1
            ,'</tbody></table><br><hr><br>' AS html2
    
    
           FETCH NEXT
           FROM @record
           INTO @table, @object_id, @schema_id
    END
    
    CLOSE @record
    
    DEALLOCATE @record
    
    PRINT '<a href="https://pitt.plusmagi.com">PlusMagi.com by Pitt Phunsanit (Phunsanit@hotmail.com)</a>';
    PRINT '</body>';
    PRINT '</html>';
    
  3. คลิกปุ่ม Results to file หรือ Ctrl + Shift + F กด Excute หรือ F5 แล้วเซฟเป็นไฟล์ ที่ต้องการแต่ลงท้ายด้วย .html เพราะว่าผลลัพธ์ที่ได้จะเป็นเว็บครับ
  4. เปิดไฟล์ที่ส่งออกออกมาแล้วคัดลอกใส่โปรแกรมเวิร์ดหรือเอ็กเซลได้เลยครับ

ตัวอย่างผลงานที่เร็วกว่ามาม่า

test

create date : 2016/07/14

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areas_cities
Primary Key Foreign key Column Name Description Data Type Allow Nulls Identity Default Value
PK city_id int
status tinyint Y
geo_id ภูมิภาค int ((0))
province_id int ((0))
amphur_code varchar (
4
)
Y


—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————- —————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————- —————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

areas_cities_lang
Primary Key Foreign key Column Name Description Data Type Allow Nulls Identity Default Value
PK areas_cities.city_id city_id int
PK language char (
2
)
name nvarchar (
600
)


PlusMagi.com by Pitt Phunsanit (Phunsanit@hotmail.com)
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